Since infectious diseases are concerned there is a national boundary, international cross-border cooperation research should be improved. Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) launched the J-GRID program in fiscal year 2005, Which consists of two elements:
The goals of J-GRID include conducting high-quality research on important regional and global infectious diseases, advancing relevant technology and developing human resources in the field. In this way, J-GRID is expected to contribute to the public health of host countries, Japan and the rest of the world. After completion of the first start-up phase, Term I (2005-2009), J-GRID has increased its activity for the second step-up stage, Term II (2010-2014). While the first term is like the incubation period, the second term should be the exponential growth phase, maximizing the research activity. Indeed, J-GRID is now producing remarkable research results with an increasing number of publications. The mid-term evaluation made by MEXT in FY2012 praised J-GRID as an ideal model for demonstrating Japanese leadership, science and technology, and highly recommended extensions in the coming years after Term II ends in FY 2014.